Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums that gradually destroys the gum tissue and the underlying jawbone. While there are many diseases that affect the gums and teeth, plaque-induced inflammatory lesions make up the majority of periodontal issues and are caused by a buildup of bacteria on the teeth.
Periodontal disease is a progressive condition, meaning it is painless and symptomless in its earliest stages. Without treatment, the condition will worsen until there is little left of the supporting bone and gum tissue, at which point the teeth will need to be extracted.
What Causes Periodontal Disease?
Gum disease is caused by plaque deposits, a sticky layer of bacteria that build upon the teeth. If the plaque is not thoroughly removed by flossing, brushing, and regular teeth cleanings, it will build up and produce toxins that can damage the gums. Periodontal diseases develop underneath the gum line and create tiny pockets that separate the gums from the teeth. Periodontal disease has two stages, namely gingivitis and periodontitis.
What are the signs and symptoms of periodontal disease?
- Gums that bleed easily
- Swollen, red, tender gums
- Gums recession
- Persistent bad breath
- Pus discharge between your gums and teeth
- Permanent teeth that are separating or coming loose
- Bite changes
- Any variations in the fit of dentures
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, please contact our practice today. At Pharr Road Dentistry, we provide efficient periodontal therapies to protect your smile.
Treating Periodontal Disease
Treatments for periodontal disease can vary depending on the severity of each case. Standard treatments include:
- Non-surgical treatments such as scaling and root planing and antibiotic therapy
- Periodontal surgery and laser gum surgery
Scaling & Root Planing
Periodontal disease, when diagnosed early, can usually be prevented by employing scaling and root planing procedures. This essentially is a deep cleaning process that eliminates the plaque, tartar, and bacteria accumulations beneath the gum line, which is the infection's primary source. Once these harmful elements have been removed using special tools, the roots of the teeth are reshaped and smoothed (root planing), which encourages the healing process while also minimizing the chances of reinfection.
After the periodontal cleaning, we may prescribe antibiotics to prevent further infections. This may include an antibiotic gel applied directly to your gums or an oral antibiotic pill. The antibiotic therapy will help eliminate any remaining bacteria and ensure the full recovery of your gums.
Preventing Gum Diseases
Routine dental exams and teeth cleanings are vital for maintaining your oral health and smile appearance. You don't have to lose teeth to periodontal disease, and following efficient oral hygiene at home can greatly decrease your chances of getting gum infections. It would be best to brush and floss regularly, eat a balanced fibrous diet, and schedule regular dental appointments to help keep your smile healthy.
Pharr Road Dentistry is equipped with the latest technologies and efficient dentists who offer the best dental care facilities to patients. Call 404.261.1486 and book an appointment with the Dentist in Atlanta, GA to know more about dental care services and to receive a complete dental checkup for you and your family.